UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI SEDIAAN OBAT KUMUR KOMBINASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BUNGA CENGKEH (Syzygium aromaticum) DAN KULIT JERUK LEMON (Citrus limon) TERHADAP BAKTERI Streptococcus mutans DAN Streptococcus viridans PENYEBAB KARIES GIGI DAN BAU MULUT

UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI SEDIAAN OBAT KUMUR KOMBINASI EKSTRAK ETANOL BUNGA CENGKEH (Syzygium aromaticum) DAN KULIT JERUK LEMON (Citrus limon) TERHADAP BAKTERI Streptococcus mutans DAN Streptococcus viridans PENYEBAB KARIES GIGI DAN BAU MULUT

  • Nina Irmayanti Harahap Institut Kesehatan Deli Husada
  • rika puspita sari Institut Kesehatan Delihusda Delitua
  • Zola Efa Harnis Fakultas Farmasi Institut Kesehatan Delihusada Delitua
Keywords: lemon peel, clove flower, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus viridans, mouthwash

Abstract

Dental caries is an infectious disease and is a process of progressive demineralization of the hard tissue surface of the crown and tooth roots caused by bacterial activity. microorganisms in the mouth. Plaque inhibition can be done with anti-microbial agents to suppress the activity of bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans. Streptococcus mutans is a cariogenic bacterium that causes cavities and is the most dominant in dental plaque. These bacteria can convert sucrose into lactic acid so that it can cause tooth demineralization (Haniyah, 2019). Lemon peel (Citrus limon) is known as an antibacterial ingredient. To facilitate the use of lemon orange peel extract, namely by making it into mouthwash preparations. Mouthwash is a solution that contains antibacterial substances to reduce the number of microorganisms in the mouth, is used as an oral rinse, and is easy to use (Ririn et al., 2019). Research using clove flower extract and lemon peel as antibacterial against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus viridans made in mouthwash preparations is still limited, therefore researchers are interested in conducting further research with the title test of antibacterial activity in mouthwash preparations combination of clove flower ethanol extract (Syzygium aromaticum) and lemon peel (Citrus limon) in inhibiting the growth of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococus viridans bacteria that cause bad breath can be formulated into mouthwash preparations and meet the evaluation test requirements for mouthwash preparations and the average diameter of the largest inhibition zone is 12, 31 mm for Streptococcus mutans at a concentration of 2%:0.5% and for Streptococcus viridans at a concentration of 2%:0.5%, namely 11.31.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Andini Dianatasya et al., ÔÇťAnalisa Kadar Vitamin C Infused Water Bunga Telang (Clitoria Ternatea) Dan Lemon (Citrus Limon) Skripsi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu

Kesehatan Insan Cendikia

Medika Jombang,2020 (2020:22.
Andries,J. R., Gunawan,P.N., Supit, A. 2014. Uji Efek Antibakteri Ekstrak Bunga Cengkeh Terhadap Bakteri Streptococcus mutans Secara In Vitro.Jurnal e Gigi Volume 2 Nomor 2. Manado: Universitas Sam Ratulangi
Arum, D., R. 2019 Uji Efektivitas Formula Gel Ekstrak Bunga Cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry) Sebagai Anti Jerawat Terhadap Bakteri
Staphylococcus aureus. Skripsi. Magelang : Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah
Dharmawati. 2020. Sifat Antimikroba Kombinasi Senyawa Kimia Antara Ekstrak Daun Lidah Buaya (Aloe vera L) Dengan Daun Sirih (Piper bettle L) Terhadap Bakteri Streptococus mutans Penyebab Dental Plak. Jurnal Kesehatan Gigi. Vol. 7 No.2..
Fachraniah., Kurniasih, E., Novilasi,
D.T. 2012. Ekstraksi antioksidan dari daun kari. Jurnal Reaksi (Journal of Science and Technology). 10(1): 35-44
Huda, M., Ningsih, D,. S. Rodhiansyah. 2018. Efektivitas Ekstrak Bunga Cengkeh (Eugenia aromatica) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri
Staphylococcus aureus. Jurusan Analis Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Tanjungkarang
Lestari, C., W. 2017. Efek Antibakteri Uap Minyak Atsiri Bunga

Cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum L.) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Escherichia coli Dan Staphylococcus aureus Dengan Metode Gaseous Contact. Skripsi. Yogyakarta: Fakultas Matematika Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Islam Indonesia.
Mona, D. Nadiah, A.F. Muti, F. 2021. Perbedaan Jumlah Koloni Streptococcus viridians Berdasarkan Tingkat Keparahan Early Childhood Caries Pada Anak Usia 3-5 Tahun Di Kecamatan Kuranji Kota Padang. Jurnal Endurance. Vol 6(2):(436-442)
Muaris, H.J. 2013. Khasiat Lemon Untuk Kestabilan Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Muhammadiyah U, Utara S.Pengaruh pemberian air perasan jeruk lemon (Citrus limon) terhadap penurunan berat badan pada tikus jantan galur wistar.jurnal ilmiah Kohesi,2021;5(3):51-6.
Novard, M.F.A., Suharti, N., Rasyid, R. 2019. Gambaran bakteri penyebab infeksi pada anak berdasarkan jenis spesimen dan pola resistensinya di laboratorium RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang Tahun 2014- 2016. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 8(2): 27-28.
Nurlaely, E. 2016. Uji Efektifitas Air Perasan Jeruk Lemon (Citrus limon) (L.) Burm .F . ) Terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus Aureus. Skripsi. Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah Ciamis
Published
2023-11-10