Jurnal Penelitian Kesmasy http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>Jurnal Penelitian Kesmasy memberikan ruang bagi akademisi, peneliti dan pengguna hasil penelitian dan pengabdian untuk mendiseminasikan, menginformasikan, mendiskusikan dan menggunakan hasil penelitian dan pengabdian sebagai upaya meningkatkan kualitas kebijakan di bidang kesehatan masyarakat yang berbasis ilmiah. Jurnal ini menyajikan hasil penelitian, pengabdian masyarakat serta artikel ilmiah di bidang kesehatan masyarakat. Artikel penelitian dan pengabdian masyarakat yang dimuat dalam jurnal ini merupakan topik penting dalam pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan di bidang kesehatan masyarakat, membantu pemecahan masalah seputar kesehatan masyarakat dan membantu meningkatkan kualitas hidup manusia. Jurnal Penelitian Kesmasy bersifat independen, ilmiah, memberi kesempatan yang sama kepada akademisi dari berbagai jenjang dan asal pendidikan tinggi.</p> </div> en-US ripaisiregar1994@gmail.com (Ripai Siregar, SKM.MKM) teknowebsolution@gmail.com (INDRA MAWANTA GITNING) Fri, 30 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 ANALISIS HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENAGA KESEHATAN DENGAN PENERAPAN SISTEM MANAJEMEN KESEHATAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA RUMAH SAKIT (SMK3RS) DI RSU SEMBIRING DELI TUA KAB.DELI SERDANG http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/299 <p><em>Hospital staff have a greater risk of accidents and occupational diseases than other industrieal. The research problem is to analyze the up optimal the implementation of the Hospital Occupational Safety and Health Management System (HOSHMS). The research objective was to analyze the relationship of psychological behavior (knowledge and attitudes), as well as those related to the application of implementation of the Hospital Occupational Safety and Health Management System. This type of research is an explanatory research approach. Population is all health workers as many as 399 people and up to 80 people in hospital Sembiring Deli tua.The Data were collection through questionnaires and action observations. Univariate and bivariate data were analyzed by using chi-square , while multivariate data used multiple linear regression tests at significance level of 95%. The results of the study showed that the implementation of implementation of the Hospital Occupational Safety and Health Management System (HOSHMS),was ineffective (52.2%) and effective (47, 5%). The results of the test show all of the above independent variables related to the application of implementation of the Hospital Occupational Safety and Health Management System (HOSHMS). The knowledge is the most dominant variable with a coefficient of 0.013 with Exp (B) 4,051 95% CI (1,348-12,175). To optimize the application of implementation of the Hospital Occupational Safety and Health Management System (HOSHMS), it is recommended that management continue to be continuously committed in providing resources; implementing a bottom-up system in planning and implementation; improve all forms of communication .</em></p> Ripai si regar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/299 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time METODE PENERJEMAHAN PHRASAL VERB DALAM DIALOG ANTARA PERAWAT DAN PASIEN http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/322 <p><em>The reason of this research was to observe an opportunity in the topic of phrasal verbs, to reveal the translation process of phrasal verbs in the nurse and patients dialogue into Bahasa Indonesia. Phrasal verb is also frequently used in their language. </em><em>This research is used to analyze the phrasal verbs translation of Nurse with patients’ dialogues.&nbsp; Existing data are identified according to the theory of translation procedures from Vinay and Dalbernet (2000: 84-93). There are 7 translation methods that used in this research. From the research conducted, 310 phrasal verbs were found which were translated through the Vinay and Dalbernet translation method, and the most dominant method used was modulation namely 150 phrasal verbs.</em></p> HERAWATI BR BUKIT ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/322 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Perilaku Perawat terhadap Risiko Kegiatan Pembuangan Limbah Medis Padat Di Ruang Syifa Dan UGD RS Haji Jakarta Tahun 2015 http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/328 <p><em>H</em><em>ospital is one of the health care facilities that have complex characteristics especially concerning the interaction between the various processes, scientific devices and various types of health workers who are related to each other. In addition to a positive impact, the Hospital had negative impacts that generate waste during its activities; one of </em><em>waste </em><em>is solid medical waste. Solid medical waste is one of the sources of pollution,</em><em> so</em><em> it is necessary </em><em>to conduct </em><em>an integrated management </em><em>starting</em><em> from segregation to the disposal of solid medical waste.</em> <em>Researcher raised this issue</em><em> because there were incident afflicting health workers</em><em> and cleaning services at Haji Hospital Jakarta</em><em>, they were </em><em>punctured used needles. In a period of 2 years from 2014 to 2015</em><em>, there</em><em> had </em><em>been</em><em> 5 cases of used needles should not happen.</em> <em>This research use</em><em> quantitative and qualitative methods.</em><em> Quantitative research conducted</em><em> by distributing a questionnaire to measure the level of knowledge (age, length of </em><em>work</em><em>, education, training), facilities and behavior of nurses and cleaning services to the risk of solid medical waste disposal activities. The qualitative research conducted with in-depth interviews.</em> <em>Result of the relation between nurse knowledge against the risk of solid medical waste disposal based on the result of the t-test 1.661 &lt; t-table 2000. Result of the relation between nurse behavior with the risk of medical waste disposal activities based on the result of the t-test 1.975 &lt; t-table 2000. Result of the relation between of the level nurse knowledge and nurse behavior with the risk of solid medical waste disposal based on the result f-count 3.036 &lt; f-table 3.35. So there is no relation between nurse knowledge and nurse behavior with the risk of medical waste disposal activities at Haji Hospital Jakarta</em><em>.</em></p> Desi Aryani ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/328 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time HUBUNGAN PERSONAL HYGIENE DENGAN RESIKO KECACINGAN PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/355 <p><em>Worm disease is a contagious disease and is a type of disease that is mostly experienced by children in Indonesia, which accounts for 80%. Personal hygiene, especially at the age of elementary school children, is very important, considering that at this age intestinal worm infections transmitted through the soil are very high. </em><em>The</em><em> aims</em><em> of this study</em><em> to determine the relationship of personal hygiene with the risk of helminthiasis in </em><em>Elementry School.</em><em> This research </em><em>using</em><em> quantitative with the type of research that is observational survey. The population in this study were all students of </em><em>Elementry School </em><em>and </em><em>the</em><em> sample of 77 peoples, </em><em>the </em><em>total sampling technique a</em><em>nd</em><em> method of collecting data by interviewing indirectly using a questionnaire sheet. </em><em>The a</em><em>nalysis of data</em><em> is</em><em> using chi-square then obtained a value of p = 0.0</em><em>37</em><em> &lt;α = 0.05 there was a relationship between personal hygiene and the risk of worms. For this reason, it is hoped that the school will provide knowledge about personal hygiene such as every bath must use soap, wash hands with soap after defecation, wear footwear when playing outdoors, cut children's nails once a week, use clean drinking water, drink well-cooked water, not defecating in any place, providing latrines and clean water for school children to prevent worm infections.</em></p> Samuel Marganda Manalu, Citrayuni Saragih ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/355 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN METODE KONTRASEPSI IMPLANT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS NAMO RAMBE KECAMATAN NAMO RAMBE http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/356 <p><em>Total fertility rate has declined globally but running very slowly, it is occurred because of the low use of long-term contraception. Long Term implant cotraception method more effective to control the population by preventing unwanted pregnancy. The aims of this study to determine the factors of related to the using of implants contraception method among women in reproductive ageat Puskesmas Namo Rambe Kecamatan Namo Rambe. This study use dacross-sectional analytic and the number of sample is 96 women in reproductive age (PUS) which selected by systematic random sampling.The data analysis was done by using univariate, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate logistic regression.It can be assumed that the percentage of implant use in women of reproductive age (PUS) at Puskesmas teladan of Medan was 35,5%. The variables that have a statistically significant correlation to the use of implants are husband’s support (p = 0,001), access to health facilities (p = 0,001) and cultural values (p = 0,002). 38,5% possibility of implant use relates to some variables, they are cultural values, access to health facilities and husband’s support . Most of the related factors for implants use is good husband’s support about implants.</em></p> Eva Happy Ginting, Novrika Silalahi, Offnika Nopanta Tarigan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/356 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time PEMODELAN REGRESI LOGISTIK PADA FAKTOR FISIK DAN KELELAHAN KERJA DENGAN RISIKO KERJA PEKERJA PROYEK PEMBANGUNAN JALAN TOL MEDAN – BINJAI DI PT. HUTAMA KARYA INFRASTRUKTUR http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/359 <p><em>Infrastructure take hold of an important role as one of the cogs of economic growth and development in every country including Indonesia. The negative impacts arising from the process of infrastructure development / construction are the emergence of work accident rates due to the risk of unsafe work environments and unsafe actions taken by workers. This research is an analytical survey with Cross Sectional Design involving 150 employees of PT. Hutama Karya Infrastruktur as a population and uses the Slovin formula as a sample of 60 people. Data obtained by interview and using questionnaires. Analysis of the data used is univariate, bivariate using the chi-square test and mutivariate using the Multiple Logistic Regression Test with the enter method. Based on the chi square test, the results obtained variables related to work risk are dust in the work environment (p &lt;0.017), noise (p = 0.025), work fatigue (p = 0.005). The results showed that the three variables were candidates who entered into the multivariate analysis modeling namely dust in the work environment, noise, and work fatigue. The most related or dominant analysis result is work fatigue variable (2,268). Therefore, researchers suggest that workers always apply SOP on safety to avoid the risk of work accidents.</em></p> Novrika Silalahi, Natalia Magdalena Simbolon ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/359 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time HUBUNGAN LAMANYA BERMAIN GAME ONLINE DENGAN KELUHAN KELELAHAN MATA PADA SISWA SMA NEGERI 1 DELITUA KEC. DELI TUA KAB. DELI SERDANG http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/366 <p><em>Users of online games knowdays are increasingly widespread. The duration of playing online games is not recommended more than 4 hours a day. If it exceeds this time, the eyes tend to experience fatigue. Eye fatigue is a dependence on the eyes and is caused by a disturbing sense of vision in the work that requires the ability to see for a long time. In Senior High School 1, students can spend 2-4 hours per day playing online games continuously without adequate rest periods. The aims of the study to determine the relationship of playing online games with complaints of eye fatigue of the students in Senior High School 1 in Delitua. This research used an analytical study with a cross-sectional approach. The sample is 96 students with purposive the sampling technique. Measurements using the Visual Fatigue Index (VFI) questionnaire to measure eye fatigue and the duration of playing online games. The data analysis was performed using the Chi-Square test with a confidence level of 95%. The results of the study on 96 respondents shows that, 58 students were obtained (60.4%) experiencing complaints of eye fatigue. In the light category there were 3 students (3.1%), the medium category was 34 students (35.4%) and the weight category was 21 students (21.9%). The results of the statistical test shows a value of p = 0,000 where p &lt;0.05 means that there is a relationship between playing online games for a long time with complaints of eye fatigue. The suggestions for the community, especially adolescents, school children can pay more attention and limit playing online games so that complaints of eyes fatigue are not often felt and disrupt the health or doing relaxation of the eyes for 15 minutes every one hour to cuting the chain of eyes fatigue such as closing the eyes or pointing at other objects.</em></p> Martha Arizona, rio ferdi yuandra, Pretty Lestari Gultom ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/366 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENANGANAN SAMPAH RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA LANTASAN BARU KECAMATAN PATUMBAK KABUPATEN DELISERDANG http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/367 <p><em>Waste is something that is, not used, disliked, or something that is disposed of that originates from human activities and does not happen by itself. The purpose of this study &nbsp;to find out what factors influence the people of LantasanBaruVillage so that they dispose of any trash. The type of research used is descriptive research with a cross sectional approach, namely an analytic (survey) researcher. The sample of this researcher was 64 respondents using total sampling. The Data Analysis Conducted univariate and bivariate with chi square test between knowledge shows p value of 0.027 which means there is a relationship between knowledge and waste management. Based on the attitude of p value of 0.025 which means there is a relationship between attitude and handling of waste. Based on the action of p value of 0.049 which means there is a relationship between action and handling of waste. Based on education p value is 1,000 which means there is no relationship between education and waste management.Based on the work p value of 0.305 which means there is no relationship between work and waste handling. Based on participation p value of 0.031, which means that there is a relationship between participation and waste management. Based on the trash facility p value is 0.23 which means there is a relationship between the trash facility and waste handling. Handling household waste in order to prevent the occurrence of variouskinds of diseases from improper garbage handling, separating organic and inorganic household waste, adding self support and participation and providing garbage facilities in handling waste.</em></p> darmanto ginting, rio ferdi yuandra, Cerya Maya Sari Surbakti ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/367 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN EARPLUG TERHADAP STRES KERJA BAGIAN PRODUKSI di PT TALES INTI SAWIT http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/404 <p><em>W</em><em>ork stress has become an important issue in the world of work which if allowed to occur will affect the quality of life of workers</em><em>.</em><em>One cause of work stress caused by noise to factory machines</em><em>.</em><em>The use of earplugs is expected to reduce work stress on employees exposed to noise above the NA</em><em>B.</em><em>This </em><em>research</em><em> aims to find out how much influence the use of Earplug on work stress before and after the use of Earplug in the production of PT.Tales Inti Sawit Bandar Meria Bangun Purba</em><em> village.</em><em>This research is a quantitative research with a Quasi experimental approach with One Group Pretest and Postest Design</em><em>. </em><em>The population is 46 people.The sampling technique is using purposive sampling technique with criteria: male, age 20 - 50, do not have hearing disease, work 7 hours / day according to these criteria, a sample of 30 respondents</em><em>.</em> <em>Job stress was measured using an HRSA questionnaire with 20 questions. The average work stress before using the ear plug was 20.57 and the average after treatment in the form of earplug usage was 6.97</em><em>.</em><em>The average work stress before and after the use of ear plug decreased 13.6. This shows that noise affects workers psychologically which means there is a difference in the average work stress before the use of Earplug and after the use of Earplug</em><em>.</em> <em>Based on the Wilcoxon statistical test for work stress before and after the use of ear plugs shows a significance value of p = 0,000 (p≤0.05 means that the use of ear plugs affects work stress. Employees should use ear plugs while working to avoid psychological disorders such as work stress. companies should conduct periodic monitoring and sanction for those who do not use earplugs while working</em></p> Reni Aprinawaty Sirait, Plorita Situmorang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/404 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time ANALISIS ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR PEMANFAATAN SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN RUMAH SAKIT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM SEMBIRING KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2020 http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/408 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><em>Hospitals are required to have a SIMRS that functions according to Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 44 of 2009 concerning raft houses. However, based on data from the Ministry of Health in 2019 out of 2,761 hospitals in Indonesia, only 1,564 hospitals (56%) use SIMRS and function. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with the use of SIMRS in Sembiring General Hospital using a cross sectional research design. Total population of 258 people, with a total sample of 72 health workers using a proportional stratified random sampling method. The research instrument is a questionnaire. Data analysis methods are univariate, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate with multiple linear regression tests. The results showed that of 72 health workers as many as 47 people (65%) stated that the use of SIMRS was in the good category and 35 people (35%) stated that the utilization of SIMRS was in the poor category. The results of the bivariate analysis address effort expectations, performance expectations, social influence and facilitating conditions related to the use of SIMRS with a value of p &lt;0.05. The results of multivariate analysis showed that efforts expectations were the factors most related to the use of SIMRS with a coefficient value (0.012). It is recommended that hospitals provide SIMRS that is easy to operate, in order to improve the performance of health workers with the influence of a good social environment and the conditions of the supporting facilities.</em></p> akhmad fatikhus sholikh ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/408 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time The PENGARUH METACOGNITION STRATEGI DALAM MEMBACA KOMPREHENSIF DALAM TEKS DESKRIPTIF DI INSTITUT KESEHATAN DELI HUSADA DELI TUA 2019 http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/412 <p>The study is focused on finding out the effect of applying Metacognition Strategy on students’ reading comprehension in reading descriptive text. This study conducted on experimental quantitative design. The population of the research was the Pharmacy students at Institut Deli Husada Deli Tua. There are three hundred forty six students at pharmacy to be the sample of the research. This study was conducted by two randomized groups named Experimental Group and Control Group. The Experimental Group was taught by using Metacognition Strategy but in Control Group didn’t be taught by using Metacogniton Strategy. The instrument of collecting the data was multiple choice tests which consisted of 25 questions. The research Obtain the reliability of the test by using Kuder-Richardson (KR-21) formula. The calculation shown the reliability was 0.57 (Moderate). The data were analyzed by using t-test formula. At the level of significance 0.05 with the deegree of freedom (df) 58, t-observed is 4.1 while t-table is 1.67. Then F-value is 1.41 and F-table is 1.84. It means that there was significant effect of applying Metacogniton strategy on students’ Reading Comprehension in reading descriptive text. So, the conclusion is the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected and alternative hypothesis (Ha) is totally accepted.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> sulastri br ginting ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/412 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR TENTANG SANITASI DASAR DENGAN TINDAKAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) DI SD NEGERI 046579 DESA LAU PERANGGUNEN KAB.KARO http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/424 <p><em>Sanitation is defined as a public health effort that focuses on the control of various environmental factors,that effected to human health. Clean and Healthy Behavior (PHBS) is a set of behavior that is practiced on the basis of consciousness as a result of learning that makes a person or family can help their healthy life themselves. Based on that statement, the aim of this research is to see the correlation between knowledge and Attitudes about Basic Sanitation Behavior Clean and Healthy (PHBS).This type of research is a type of quantitative research with an observational method using a cross sectional approach with a population of all students in class IV, V, and VI who are in SD Negeri 046579 in Lau Peranggunen Kab.Karo, which is 82 people. The sample in this study is a total sampling technique. Based on the instruments in this study are questionnaires, data analysis techniques used the chi-square statistical test. Based on the chi-square analysis, it was found that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitudes of elementary school students with PHBS actions which amounted to (p = 0.046), there was a significant relationship between knowledge with PHBS actions. and the relationship between basic sanitation attitudes and PHBS actions were obtained as basic (p = 0.040), there was a significant relationship between PHBS attitudes and actions. Lau Kab karo residents to increase the knowledge, attitudes and actions of PHBS in the school environment in the teaching and learning process so that they understand and know the benefits for themselves and their environment.</em></p> rio ferdi yuandra, Cintya Nathasa Br Ginting ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/424 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time Analisis Bakteri Entero Toksigenic Escherichia Coli ( ETEC) Dengan Metode (BGLB) Pada Depot Air Minum Isi Ulang Di Pemukiman Kumuh. http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/437 <p><em>Based on research conducted at the drinking water depot in Mabar Medan Deli and Medan City Environmental Health Engineering Laboratory (negative) in drinking water, it is declared not contaminated with ecoli, while if the results of the AMIU quality inspection are&gt; 0 in 100 ml samples (positive) in drinking water, then the calculation results are obtained with a p-value (0.001 &lt;0.005) then Ha is accepted and Ho rejected so that the BGLB method is effective against the examination of Escherichia Coli bacteria contamination in the refill drinking water depot. It is stated that it is contaminated with ecoli. This research was in an observational form, using a cross-sectional approach.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Rapael Ginting ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://ejournal.delihusada.ac.id/index.php/JPKSY/article/view/437 Sat, 31 Oct 2020 00:00:00 SE Asia Standard Time