EFEKTIVITAS INTERVENSI KOMPRES ALOEVERA TERHADAP PENURUNAN SUHU TUBUH ANAK FEVER DI PUSKESMAS BAHBIAK KOTA PEMATANGSIANTAR KEC. SIANTAR MARIMBUN TAHUN 2020

  • dewi tiansa barus Institut Kesehatan Deli Husada Delitua
Keywords: Fever, Compress Aloe Vera, Decrease in Body Temperature

Abstract

Fever in children is a condition that often causes serious problems in children. Fever occurs at temperatures >37.5ºC usually caused by autoimmune infections and diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that the number of diseases in children with fever symptoms is 62% with a mortality rate of 33%. Giving Aloe Vera compresses is one of the non-phamacological interventions that can reduce dampness. The purpose of this study was to find out how the effectiveness of Aloe Vera Compress Intervention on Decreasing body temperature in children with fever. The research design used One group pretest-posttest. The variables in this research are Aloe Vera Compress as an independent variable and Decrease in body temperature in Fever children as the dependent variable. The population in this study were all pediatric patients aged 5-11 years who experienced fever at the Bahbiak Health Center in Pematangsiantar City, Siantar Marimbun District. Sampling using purposive sampling technique of 12 respondents. The intervention carried out compresses Aloe Vera for 15 minutes. Temperature measurement using a digital thermometer. Data were collected by observation sheets and tested by Paired Sample-Test. The results showed that there was a change in the body temperature of the Fever child. The results of Shaphiro-Wilk normality test results of body temperature before giving Aloe Vera compress is 130 and body temperature after giving Aloe Vera compress is 037. Paired Sample-Test statistical test results show data ρ = 0,000 <α = 0.05 then Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted. which means that there is an effectiveness in administering Aloe Vera compresses to reduce body temperature of children aged 5-11 years of fever. It is hoped that health workers can apply non-pharmacological therapies such as aloe vera compresses for a decrease in a child's body temperature.

References

Aseng. (2015). Uji aktivitas antibakteri kombinasi infusa daun mangga bacang (mangifera foetida l.) Dan infusa lidah buaya (aloe vera l.) Terhadap staphylococcus aureus. Jurnal Mahasiswa PSPD FK Universitas Tanjungpura. 3(1);121

Aseng, (2015). Aloevera kalimantan utara : Kalimantan Utara
Assegaf, (2012). Pemberian Kompres Aloevera pada anak : Pontianak : EGC
Astuti, (2015). liliciace aloevera : Jakarta : Erlangga
Fajariyah, N. (2016). Perbedaan suhu tubuh pada anak demam usia sekolah sebelum dan sesudah kompres daun lidah buaya di rsud ungaran kabupaten semarang. Program Studi Keperawatan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Ngudi Waluyo Ungaran.
Furnawanthi I. (2016). Khasiat dan Manfaat Lidah Buaya Si Tanaman Ajaib. Jakarta: Agro Media Pustaka
Hartini, (2015) . Pengantar fever. Bina Rupa Aksara: Jakarta : EGC
Hartini, S., Pertiwi, PP. (2015). Efektifitas kompres air hangat terhadap penurunan suhu tubuh anak demam usia 1 - 3 tahun di smc rs telogorejo semarang. Karya Ilmiah S1 Ilmu Keperawatan.
Holistic comfort, (2015). Teori comfort kolcoba : Jakarta : EGC
Jatnika & Saptoningsih. (2009). Meraup laba dari lidah buaya. Jakarta: Agro Media Pustaka.
Journal of advancement in medicine, (1990). Rio P Aloevera sebagai makanan dan minuman kosmetik : Jakarta : Medica
Joseph, B., Ray, SJ. (2010). Pharmacognistic and phytochemical properties of aloe vera linin. An overview. Int J Pharm Sci. Review and Research., 4(2);106-110.
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2016) . Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2016. fever pada anak Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.
Notoadmojo, Soekidjo, (2017) . Kesehatan Masyarakat, Ilmu dan Seni, Jakarta : Rineka Cipta
Nurafif, (2015). Klasifikasi fever dan Manifestasi Klinis : Jakarta : Medica
Palkhade, (2016). Jurnal of penelitian di RS.samarinda kalimantan dengan melakukan pengompresan pada anak demam selama 3 hari : Kalimantan
Palkhade, Rajendra., Jangade, CR. (2016). Screening of analgesic and antipyretic activity of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of aloe vera linn. Veterinary Research International. 4(2);67-73.
Potter & Perry. (2009). Buku ajar fundamental keperawatan, Volume 2, Edisi 7. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
Profil Kesehatan Indonesia. (2015). Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.
Sugiono, (2018). Sampel Penelitian puposive sampling : Jakarta : Metopel
Wong. (2008). Buku ajar keperawatan pediatric, volume 2. Jakarta: EGC.
World Health Organization (2013) . WHO informal consultation on fever management in peripheral health care settings: a global review of evidence and practice.
Published
2020-10-31
How to Cite
barus, dewi. (2020). EFEKTIVITAS INTERVENSI KOMPRES ALOEVERA TERHADAP PENURUNAN SUHU TUBUH ANAK FEVER DI PUSKESMAS BAHBIAK KOTA PEMATANGSIANTAR KEC. SIANTAR MARIMBUN TAHUN 2020. Jurnal Penelitian Keperawatan Medik, 3(1), 120-131. https://doi.org/10.36656/jpkm.v3i1.373