HUBUNGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DENGAN BODY IMAGE PADA SISWI SMK SENTRA MEDIKA TAHUN 2018

  • Saiful Batubara Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara
  • Wahyu Ardiansyah Batubara
Keywords: Body Image, Body Mass Index

Abstract

Background: In adolescence, there is an increase in muscle mass and fat tissue. This change is related to nutritional status that can be assessed by measurement of Body Mass Index (BMI). At the age of adolescents, it begins to recognize the body shape or body image, the biggest problem that many adolescents are not satisfied with their body shape. Research method: This research type is observational analytic research with cross sectional approach, which was done on December 2017. The population of this research included students of class XII SMK Sentra Medika Medan, with number is 56 people. Sampling with total sampling technique, as many as 56 taken. Data obtained from measurement of IMT and questioner on respondent, then data were analyzed univarite and bivariate with computer using Chi Square Statistical Test. Results: The results showed that who had a thin IMT of 28.6%, normal BMI 37.5% and BMI weight 33.9% more. Students have a dissatisfied body image 44.6% while female students have a satisfied body image of 55.4%. The results of statistical tests show (P = 0.004) means there is a Body Mass Index Relation with Body Image on SMK Sentra Medika Medan students in 2018.Conclusion: From the research result it can be concluded that there is a significant relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Image on SMK Sentra Medika Medika Students Year 2018.

References

Alwin, Hasan 2008. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta : Balai Pustaka.

Anggraeni, A. C. 2012. Asuhan Gizi Nutritional Care Process. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Arthur S. R.. (2013). Hubungan antara Body Image dengan Penerimaan Diri pada Mahasiswa Aceh di Yogyakarta.Jurnal Psikologi, Vol. 1, No 1, 112 –121Desember 2012. Yogyakarta : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2013. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta.

Bell, Lorraine dan Rushforth, Jenny. (2008). Overcoming Body Image Distrubance: A Progran for People with Eating Disorder. New York:Routledge.

CahyaningrumHerlina. (2013). Hubunganantarabody imagedengan status gizipadaremaja putrikelas XI IPS di SMA Batik 1 Surakarta.Jurnal

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2008) Healthy Weight:

About BMI for Adults. Tersedia dalam http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/english_bm_

calculator/bmi_calculator.html (Diakses 1 November 2017) Centers for Disease.

Cooper PJ, Taylor MJ, Cooper Z, Fairburn CG. The Development and Validation of the Body Shape Questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1987;6(4):485-94.

Core Monash University, 2017, Body Mass Index: BMI Calculator, Retrieved :sep 2017 , from http://www.core.monash.org/bmi-calculator.html

Davison,T.E. & McCabe, M.P. (2005). AdolescentBody Image and Psychosocial Functioniong. Deakin University : Australia

Geneva, Switzerland: The WHO Document Production Services.CDC.gov [internet]. USA Government. [updated:13 September 2011; cited23 November 2013] Available from:

http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html

Imelda Aldinur Aritonang. 2015. Gambaran Citra Tubuh Dan Aktivitas Fisik Pada Siswi SMP Al-Ulum Pekanbaru. JOM FK Volume 2, No 2, Oktober 2015. Jurnal.

Notoatmodjo, S. 2012. Metodologi PenelitianKesehatan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta

Sada, Merinta. 2012. Hubungan Body Image, Pengetahuan Gizi Seimbang,Dan Aktifitas Fisik Terhadap Status Gizi Mahasiswa Politeknik Kesehatan Jayapura. Jurnal

Septiadewi D, Briawan D. Penggunaan Metode Body Shape Quessonaire (BSQ) dan Figure Rating Scales (FRS) untuk Pengukuran Persepsi Tubuh Remaja Perempuan. Gizi Indonesia. 2010;33(1):29-36.

Setiati,S. Alwi,I. Sudoyo,A,W. Simadibrata,M. Sutiyohadi,B. syam,A,F,2014. Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam. Jakarta: InternalPublisshing. Edisi VI Jilid I.

Sholeha, L . (2014) Hubungan Perilaku Makan Terhadap Indeks Massa Tubuh Pada Remaja Di SMP YMJ Ciputat. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta. Skripsi

Syahrir N, Thaha AR, Jafar N. Pengetahuan Gizi, Body Image, Dan Status Gizi Remaja Di SMA Islam Athirah Kota Makassar Tahun 2013. Jurnal MKMI. 2013.

WHO, 2011, Obesity and overweight, Retrieved : April 22, 2012, from www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/.

Published
2019-10-24